What is GERD? Symptoms vary from one person to another, but GERD is a stomach complaint where the contents of the stomach get refluxed back up into the esophagus. The main symptoms of GERD are acid indigestion or heartburn, acid reflux and nausea and vomiting, although there are a number of other symptoms that can be present with GERD. Not everyone will have the same mix of symptom. Regurgitation / Reflux The Majority of people who have GERD experience acid reflux where contents of the stomach are refluxed or regurgitated into the esophagus. In the majority of cases, stomach acid is only regurgitated into the lower esophagus leading to heartburn. Some people report stomach acid being regurgitated into the top of the esophagus and even reaching the back of the throat and mouth. Where regular reflux of stomach acid occurs There can be some dental erosion due to the acid. Heartburn Heartburn is caused by stomach acid being refluxed into the esophagus causing burning to the lining. This causes a pain, usually described as a burning sensation in the middle of the chest, behind the sternum. The pain can also extend up the neck into the back of the throat. Some sufferers describe the pain as feeling like a pressure in the chest, almost a sharp pain imitation u boat and is sometimes confused with a heart condition such as angina. Heartburn tends to happen soon after eating, simply because this is when the most stomach acid is produced and due to increased pressure in our stomachs it is replica fendi for sale also when when it is most likely to be refluxed back into the esophagus. It also happens frequently at night. Night-time reflux causing heartburn happens because when we are lying down it is easier for replica movado food to be refluxed. Saliva production also slows down at night as does our swallow reflex, allowing refluxed stomach acid to remain in contact with the lining of the esophagus far longer. This can also lead to acid being aspirated into the lungs at night causing irritation to the lining of the lungs. Vomiting / Nausea Although this is one of the more uncommon symptoms of GERD, unexplained nausea or vomiting are both considered possible symptoms. Inflammation of the throat When stomach acid is regurgitated into the throat, it can attack the lining of the throat, voice box and larynx leading to temporary damage to the vocal chords. This can cause hoarseness in the replica jaeger lecoultre reverso grande date mornings. Esophagitis Inflammation of the esophageal lining caused by regurgitated acid from the stomach is known as esophagitis. Esophageal Ulcers / Ulcerated Esophagus Where esophagitis is particularly severe, the lining of the esophagus can develop ulcers with small sections of the lining destroyed by the corrosive effect of acid. In cases where the ulcers become further damaged by acid, it can develop into bleeding in the esophagus. Strictures in the Esophagus As the esophageal lining mends it can lead to scar tissue forming resulting in strictures of the esophagus. Scar tissue is less flexible and replica rolex cellini often builds up effectively narrowing the opening of the esophagus replica breitling watches making it hard to swallow. This is known as dysphagia. Coughs and Asthma Like Symptoms When the esophagus is damaged it can lead to a chronic cough in some GERD sufferers. Stomach acid can be aspirated (breathed into) the lungs causing irritation and damage to the lining of the lungs. If allowed to carry on this can cause chest infections, pneumonia and scarring of the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary fibrosis Barrett's Esophagus In breitling copies severe and prolonged cases of GERD the lining of the esophagus can start to change to resemble the cells in the stomach lining. Our stomachs have a mucus membrane that neutralizes the effects of stomach acid. With people who cheap rolex explorer have Barretts, the cells of the lower esophagus change to develop a protective mucus cheap rolex turn o graph membrane in response to the repeated exposure to acid. As cells change they can be left susceptible to developing cancer and there is an increased incidence of cancer of the esophagus in people with Barrett's Esophagus. Most cases of GERD can be managed effectively with changes in lifestyle and with the help of medication. if this fails to be effective there are various surgical procedures that can be used to help. If you would like more information on GERD The Symptoms of GERD, and its causes, and treatment visit http://www.treating-heartburn-acid-reflux.com